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English Grammar - Types of Verbs

Verbs

Verbs are words that tell us what a person (or thing or animal) does, what is done to a person (or thing or animal), or what a person (or thing or animal) is.

Examples:
She laughs. (What she does)
John is scolded. (What is done to John)
The cat is dead. (What the cat is)

Transitive and intransitive verbs

A transitive verb denotes an action that is performed on an object by a subject.

Examples:
I kicked a ball.
Jack ate a sandwich.

Both kick and ate in these sentences are used as transitive verbs.

An intransitive verb denotes an action that is not done on any object, or expresses a state of being.

Examples:
The baby sleeps.
There is a book on the table.

Both sleeps and is in these sentences are used as intransitive verbs.

Note that the verbs come, go, fall, die, sleep, and lie denote actions that cannot be done to anything. Thus, they are always used as intransitive verbs.

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Simple Present Tense Present Continuous / Progressive Tense Present Perfect Continuous Tense Simple Past Tense Past Continuous / Progressive Tense Past Perfect Tense Past Perfect Continuous Tense Simple Future Tense Future Continuous Tense Future Perfect Tense Future Perfect Continuous Tense Active and Passive Voice Subject-Verb Agreement

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