Babies and rashes, name a more iconic duo. Unfortunately, because your little one’s skin is so delicate and sensitive, it can break out in a rash for a plethora of reasons. Infant rash appears as itchy, red patches on your child’s skin, caused by many factors, including friction, infection, illness, heat, dampness, chemical irritants, and allergies. Even while rashes in babies and toddlers are common and frequently insignificant, they can still be a rather unpleasant experience for your little one. While rashes can be treated at home in most cases, they should still be treated carefully, and could require a visit to the physician’s office for a check-up or treatment in some cases.
In order to better understand how to deal with rashes in infants and toddlers, we’ve compiled a list of the most common types of rashes below.
The bane of babies and parents everywhere, most infants and toddlers will eventually have the spotty red rash on their butt cheeks or genital region known as diaper rash.
Diaper rash can be caused by a variety of reasons connected to the conditions inside your baby’s diaper. In some cases, urine and faeces can cause skin irritation from the humid conditions or pH adverse environments they create, or in rare instances, yeast or bacterial infections. In other cases, diaper rash can arise from allergies to components in diapers or wipes.
In any instance, irritation can be exacerbated by hot conditions creating greater humidity in the diaper, as well as excessive friction between the diaper materials and your baby’s skin.
Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a persistent ailment characterised by dry, irritated, or itchy patches of skin. Eczema flare-ups come and go, but they can be controlled for the most part by moisturising the skin and avoiding identified irritants.
Although the specific cause of eczema is unknown, those who suffer from it have skin less able to defend itself against irritants and allergens in the atmosphere, such as pollen, rough fabrics, detergents, and some foods. Both children and adults alike can be affected by this skin condition. Typically, skin can erupt with eczema rash when exposed to irritants.
Babies’ skin may become red and inflamed after being bitten or stung by bees, wasps, mosquitoes, ants, or ticks. Anaphylaxis, a severe and sometimes fatal allergic response that forces the airways to expand and makes it difficult to breathe, can also be brought on by an insect bite in exceptional instances.
When bitten or stung, an insect’s saliva or venom causes the body to give an anaphylactic response, resulting in blotchy, irritated skin.
Often known as the sixth disease, the virus roseola mostly strikes infants between the ages of 6 months and two years, but can also strike children between the ages of 3 months and four years. Characterized by a fever accompanied by a blotchy, widespread rash, babies and toddlers typically recover in around a week on their own.
Roseola is caused by a human herpes virus. The illness is highly infectious and can be passed on by coughing, sneezing, or contacting infected surfaces. Adults can still catch roseola from their little ones if they did not have it as a child.
Parents are usually relieved at the end of the winter season, assuming that the risk of infectious disease also goes down as the temperature goes up. Unfortunately, the new season brings with it the new risk of Hand, Foot and Mouth disease. Enterovirus Coxsackie effects include high fever, hoarseness, and nasal congestion, followed a few days later by the development of relatively small blisters all over the body including the mouth, fingertips, palms, buttocks and the soles of babies’ feet.
Children under five years are most frequently affected by outbreaks, which can also spread within summer camps, daycares, and children’s daycare facilities.
Ringworm is a scaly, ring-shaped rash that can develop on your baby’s body or scalp. The fungal rash starts small and slowly expands outwards. Although the infection is rarely severe, your little one may experience itchiness and discomfort along the rash. Keep in mind that ringworm is not specifically a childhood illness and can spread to you via skin-to-skin contact.
Ringworm can occur when hot and wet surroundings create an environment allowing naturally residing fungus on the skin or scalp to overgrow. Sharing hairbrushes, caps, or towels with sick individuals or animals can also transmit the disease.
Impetigo is a common bacterial skin illness that is prevalent and highly infectious among infants and children. It usually appears as itchy, blotchy reddish sores on the face, around the mouth or nose, or sometimes on the hands or feet. After a week the sores can burst, leaving a honey-colored crust. Antibiotics can be used for treatment, either orally or topically.
Impetigo is caused when the Streptococci bacteria invades through breaks in your child’s skin.
As stated by BabyCozy representative Cherry, “It’s important to stay vigilant in protecting your little one’s skin. First, ensure only gentle, natural materials and substances come into contact with his or her skin, and two, in the event that they get a rash, have a plan for relieving their irritation. This includes visiting your child’s pediatrician when necessary.” Cherry continued. “The world can be unforgiving to your baby’s skin, but armed with the right information, and a proactive mindset, your little one is in good hands.”
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